The problem with udev is that it effectively disables the VM’s NIC under certain conditions. To understand why, it helps to make some observations about the various modules involved.
Udev is the device manager for Linux 2.6 systems. It is responsible for populating /dev with only the devices that are present. It provides notification to other software when devices are changed. And, most importantly for this blog post, it provides “persistent naming for devices when they move around the device tree.” So, if you move your USB cabling and routers around, your machine should still be able to identify, say, your printer. Or if you add a new NIC and your system detects it before your existing eth0, your old NIC will still be eth0 and your new one will be eth1. This is pretty awesome, and it helps resolve some of the problems I remember having with old PCs, trying to guess which device name maps to which physical device.
On Hyper-V (or Virtual Server, or Virtual PC), NICs are usually virtual, so they get assigned virtual MAC addresses. The default configuration is to let Windows pick the MAC address. These MAC addresses are typically stable, unless you do something like recreate the NIC or move the VM to a new host.
The scenario that this blog post is concerned about is this: you set up a VM on one host, and then you move it to another host. You might move it for any number of reasons: you set it up on VPC and want to permanently host it on Hyper-V, or your Hyper-V hosting situation changes and you need to migrate VMs around, or whatever. Following the move, your VM is no longer on the network! Bad news.
So, when you’re setting up your VM, you need to consider how udev will interact with Hyper-V. Some possible solutions include assigning a static MAC address to the NIC, or making udev smart enough to realize that if the old NIC went away and a new one is in its place, that it should use the new one in place of the old one. My solution is to make udev ignore eth*, since I usually am configuring a Linux VM to run some particular service, and I will not be changing the network configuration in any significant way. My solution is likely to be affected by upgrades because it modifies files that are generated by scripts.
And now, to the point of this post: how to make udev ignore your eth* devices:
/etc/udev/rules.d/75-persistent-net-generator.rulesin your favorite text editor.
- On line 21, where it says
eth*|. For example, on my system, I start with
and end up with
- If udev has already renamed your nic, you’ll also need to open
/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rulesand remove any
eth*entries you find.
This should work on any Linux with udev (kernel >= 2.6). Line 21 is the right one to change on Ubuntu 8.10 and 8.04.2 systems that I’ve configured this way.